**Clear IIT –JEE MAINS & ADAVNCE IN
FIRST ATTEMPT**

Too much chaos is in the air about IIT. Too much information is also harmful as much as less information is.In this article our faculty partner Mr. Suraj Singh is sharing his mantra of how to crack IIT-JEE in first attempt.In this article we are going to discuss about IIT exam, book list, strategy and notes. So stick with us till the last.

There is absolutely no need to pay hefty amount of fees to coaching institutions when the same material and guidance you can get online.You just need required information, strong determination and correct study material and strategy.

We will provides a right strategy to clear the IIT exam in one year and in first attempt.

**Motivate Yourself**

Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough

Well, find the reason why you want to crack the IIT. If your answer is your parents says for it or your friend is doing the same that’s why you are doing than leave preparation, immediately. Because external factor of motivation will not be with you always. Prepare for this exam only when you want to clear it, when you have passion to do some great thing.

Selection of notes and books

Avoid reading multiple books. We are helping you to select best books and materials.

List of books :–

For Math’s

1). Cengage ,Mathematics for jee mains

**For Advance**

1). Mathematics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Algebra G. Tewani

2). Mathematics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Calculus G. Tewani

3). Mathematics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Coordinate Geometry

G. Tewani

4). Mathematics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Trigonometry G. Tewani

5). Mathematics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Vectors and 3D Geometry

G. Tewani

For Physics

1). Physics for JEE Main,B. M. Sharma

**For Advance**

1). Physics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Electrostatics and Current Electricity,

B. M. Sharma

2). Physics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Magnetism and Electromagnetic Induction , B. M. Sharma

3). Physics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Mechanics I & II, B. M. Sharma

4). Physics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Optics and Modern Physics

B. M. Sharma

5). Physics for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Waves and Thermodynamics

B. M. Sharma

For Chemistry

1). Chemistry for JEE Main,Seema Saini | K.S. Saini

**For Advance**

1). Inorganic Chemistry for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Part 1 & Part 2

K. S. Verma

2). Organic Chemistry for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Part 1 & Part 2

K. S. Verma

3). Physical Chemistry for Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Advanced) : Part 1 & Part 2

K.S. Verma

**Get proper sleep, eat healthy**

Compromising your sleep makes you sluggish and lazy. Have proper sleep, minimum of 7 hours. You will feel active throughout the day. Eat healthy food. Do Daily Exercise.You need to stay fit during the preparation phase.

**Solve past year papers and online mock
test**

1)Solve at least 4 to 5 years Question paper.

2). Solving online mock tests is very important, as it’s announced that JEE Main will be conducted online from 2019. JEE Advanced shifted to online mode in 2018.

3). Revise again and again.

benefit of solving mocks is given here

https://exampirates.com/how-to-attempt-mock-test-for-competitive-exams/

**Strategy**

1). Make your schedule as per your capability.

2). As per the given syllabus solve at least 2 chapters (physics, chemistry, Maths) in a month.

3). Solve previous year question (IIT Mains & Advance) from the books after the chapters are finished.

4). These books contains solution also.

5). Don’t do direct question first make concept.

6). Do all the examples of the books which can develop your concept and right approach to solve the sum.

7). In IIT JEE MAINS 70% are direct questions from previous year.

8). Remaining 30% percent are cover from these books.

9). For IIT ADVANCE Makes concept from these books and revise again and again,Do previous year question also.

10). Solve At least one mock in every week and analyze carefully.

**Some important Topics**

**Easy Chapters – High Weightage, Low Effort**

These are the most important group of chapters. They are a must for every student to complete thoroughly. It is advisable to start with these chapters as they are of high weightage as well as easy to study. You can focus on these particular chapters of the following subjects to enhance your preparation:

**Physics **

- Fluid Dynamics
- Units and Dimension
- Surface Tension
- Electrodynamics
- Mechanics
- Modern Physics

**Chemistry**

- Chemical Bonding
- Atomic Structure
- Hydrocarbons
- Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry, Ionic Equilibrium, Mole Concept, Thermodynamics andThermochemistry
- Chemical Kinetics, Electrochemistry, Solid State, Solution & Colligative Properties, Surface Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry-I Chemical Bonding, Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties, S-Block

**Mathematics**

- Set Theory and Relation
- Mathematical Reasoning
- Statistics
- Coordinate Geometry
- Co-ordinate Geometry (3-D)
- Matrix & Determinants
- Probability
- Complex number

**Tough Chapters – High Weightage, High Effort**

These chapters are tough but cannot be ignored because of their high weightage. After the easy chapters, these should be next on the list for students. An effort has to be made in order to crack these chapters. Paying attention to the below-mentioned chapters will help you sail through the tough chapters:

**Physics**

- Rotational Motion
- Experimental Physics and Instruments
- Center of Mass and Conservation of Momentum
- Heat & Thermodynamics
- SHM & Waves
- Optics

**Chemistry**

- Thermodynamics
- Mole Concept
- General Organic Chemistry
- Gaseous State
- Alkyl Halide, Alcohol &Ether (Reaction Mechanism), Aromatic Compounds, Biomolecules, Carbohydrates, Amino Acids and Polymers, Carbonyl Compounds, Environmental chemistry, Grignard Reagent, Reduction, Oxidation & Hydrolysis

**Mathematics**

- Circle
- Parabola
- Permutation and Combination
- Sequence and Series
- Differential Calculus
- Integral Calculus
- Trigonometry

**Syllabus**

**JEE Main 2020 Paper-1 Syllabus**

**Mathematics
syllabus of JEE Main 2020**

- Sets, Relations and Functions
- Complex numbers and Quadratic Equations
- Matrices and Determinants
- Permutations and Combinations
- Mathematical Induction
- Binomial Theorem and it’s simple applications
- Sequence and Series
- Limits, Continuity and Differentiability
- Integral Calculus
- Differential Equations
- Co-ordinate Geometry
- Three Dimensional Geometry
- Vector Algebra
- Statistics and Probability
- Trigonometry
- Mathematical Reasoning

**Physics
syllabus of JEE Main 2020**

- Physics and Measurement
- Kinematics
- Laws Of Motion
- Work, Energy and Power
- Rotational Motion
- Gravitation
- Properties of Solids and Liquids
- Thermodynamics
- Kinetic theory of gases
- Oscillations and Waves
- Electrostatics
- Current Electricity
- Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
- Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Optics
- Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- Atoms and Nuclei
- Electronic Devices
- Communication Systems

**Chemistry
syllabus of JEE Main 2020**

- Some basic concepts in chemistry
- States of matter
- Atomic structure
- Chemical bonding and molecular structure
- Chemical Thermodynamics
- Solutions
- Equilibrium
- Redox reactions and electrochemistry
- Chemical kinetics
- Surface chemistry
- Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
- General principles and processes of isolation of metals
- Hydrogen
- S-block elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
- P-block elements
- d and f block elements
- Co-ordination compounds
- Environmental chemistry
- Purification and characterisation of organic compounds
- Some basic principles of organic chemistry
- Hydrocarbons
- Organic compounds containing halogens
- Organic compounds containing oxygen
- Organic compounds containing nitrogen
- Polymers
- Biomolecules
- Chemistry in everyday life
- Principles related to practical chemistry

**Complete Topic-wise
Syllabus of JEE Advanced 2020**

Here you will get the complete comprehensive syllabus for JEE Advanced 2020 and later. JEE Advanced examination consist of two 3-hour papers, having three sections – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The topic-wise syllabus has been provided for Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics sections. The JEE Advanced 2020 question paper will be based on the below topics only, and IIT aspirants should study these prescribed topics to perform well in JEE Advanced exam. JEE Advanced 2020 Syllabus will help you in planning your preparation systematically with the specified curriculum and completing each subject satisfactorily.

At the time of starting your JEE preparation, you should go through the syllabus carefully. You will find many important topics, which are generally missed by students and their coaching teachers. During the course of preparation, you should revisit syllabus from time-to-time and keep an eye on your progress and more importantly make sure that no important topic is left out in any of the subject.

**Physics
Syllabus – JEE Advanced 2020**

**General**

Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.

**Mechanics**

Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus. Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).

**Thermal
physics**

Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.

**Electricity
and magnetism**

Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.

**Optics**

Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment.

**Modern
physics**

Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

**Mathematics
Syllabus – JEE Advanced 2020**

**Algebra**

Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations. Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients. Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables. Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.

**Trigonometry**

Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half-angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).

**Analytical
geometry**

Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line; Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines; Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line. Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal. Locus problems. Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane.

**Differential
calculus**

Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Limit and continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions. Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions. Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function, Rolle’s theorem and Lagrange’s mean value theorem.

**Integral
calculus**

Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.

**Vectors**

Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.

**Physical
Chemistry Syllabus – JEE Advanced 2020**

**General
topics**

Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidation-reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality.

**Gaseous
and liquid states**

Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases.

**Atomic
structure and chemical bonding**

Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).

**Energetics**

First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work; Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity.

**Chemical
equilibrium**

Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of ΔG and ΔG0 in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.

**Electrochemistry**

Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to ΔG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law; Concentration cells.

**Chemical
kinetics**

Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).

**Solid
state**

ConceptClassification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.

**Solutions**

Raoult’s law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point.

**Surface
chemistry**

Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples).

**Nuclear
chemistry**

Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of α, β and γ rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus – JEE Advanced 2019

Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non-metals

Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur.

Preparation and properties of the following compounds

Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia; Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.

**Transition
elements (3d series)**

Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment; Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral).

Preparation and properties of the following compounds:

Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate.

**Ores
and minerals**

Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver.

**Extractive
metallurgy**

Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium); Cyanide process (silver and gold).

**Principles
of qualitative analysis:**

Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.

**Organic
Chemistry Syllabus – JEE Advanced 2019**

Concepts

Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono-functional and bi-functional compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and hyperconjugation; Keto-enoltautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.

**Preparation,
properties and reactions of alkanes**

Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.

**Preparation,
properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes**

Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides.

**Reactions
of benzene**

Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of o-, m- and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes.

**Phenols**

Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.

**Characteristic
reactions of the following (including those mentioned above)**

Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions; Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis; Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).

**Carbohydrates**

Classification; mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.

**Amino
acids and peptides**

General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.

**Properties
and uses of some important polymers**

Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC.

**Practical
organic chemistry:**

Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.

**ALL THE BEST**

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